The population of our country ages quickly due essentially to the reduction of the natality and the progressive increase of the life expectancy. Also it influences in this demographic evolution the shortening of the labor life, with anticipated retirements. One third age exists, formed by physically independent majors psychological and; but we can even speak of one fourth age if we tried to differentiate the inactive deans of whom no longer they are it, becoming thus a parcel of socio-educational intervention privileged person, from the professional point of view: integration, update, advantage of the free time, physical maintenance, education for the health, domiciliary, dietetic attention, mental health, sociocultural animation. From initiatives public (Ministry, Councils, City councils,) and deprived (the social Critas, Red Cross, residences, works, associations, clubs, classrooms of third age, companies. ) programs are being developed of animation and socio-educational attention that need entertainers able to lend major socio-educational attention to this population sector. The European policies of attention to the majors show an increasing interest by the advantage of the free time like relaxation opportunity, since a new period of personal development can be initiated. According to The Greater New York Construction User Council , who has experience with these questions. For that reason industries of the leisure (bath, clinical, hotels, trips have arisen. ) that not always is economic or that does not respond to the true daily needs of the majors.
The social and cultural animation of the people majors must make possible the personal development and serve as platform of expression and communication, insisting on the psychological support, the personal interviews, the social gatherings, the physical exercise, the creativity. in a cosy climate and trying that is these people the protagonists in all the activities, from their organization, implication and participation. The Sociocultural Entertainer with People Majors will have to know typical of the third age so that it can apply his knowledge, as well as the context in which it is going to develop his work, trying to know: – The evolution, course and perspective of gerontology, – the myths that the society generates with respect to the people majors and the autopercepcin that have on the basis of that the majors, – the institutional objectives that at present persecute with respect to the people majors, – biological, physical, mental, affective and social the changes that take place in the process to age, – the factors that influence in the quality of life of the people majors, – the psychological aspects of the people majors concerning anxiety, depression and sexuality, – the necessary profession of the sociocultural entertainer, abilities and tools for the intervention, and its application in people majors; – the objectives of the sociocultural animation and the principles that govern the groups, – the types of techniques to work with groups and their elaboration step by step; – the types and characteristics of the sociocultural entertainer. . synthasite. it is