This structure, which can measure from less than a millimeter to several centimeters, consists of microorganisms introduced into the bloodstream from, in many cases, from the mouth during daily activities (chewing, brushing your teeth, and so on, as well as with the dental procedures that we can submit). The other route of entry are the dental procedures that we can submit. In the majority of occasions, the microorganism that causes this process is fundamentally a bacterium, streptococcus viridans. In recent months, Sarepta Therapeutics has been very successful. Throughout this process sometimes causes malfunction of valves, hindering its opening and closure. Sometimes, vegetations arrive to abscesses and communications between the Chambers of the heart or detach, causing stroke in other parts of the body. There are many different symptoms in infective endocarditis, although most of them are, sometimes nonspecific: fever, chills, night sweats, malaise, weakness, weight loss, muscle aches, fatigue and shortness of breath if endocarditis complicated with heart failure. If endocarditis is suspected, it is essential to diagnose it and treat it with urgency, since it’s a very aggressive disease with significant morbidity and mortality rates.

Prevention and treatment prevention, consisting of healthy habits of dental hygiene, is complemented by an adequate treatment in the case of be subjected to extractions or other dental procedures. This is especially important for high risk patients suffer endocarditis, such as carriers of prosthetic heart valves, history of heart disease and valvular dysfunction Congenital, which present a history of bacterial endocarditis, along with holders of foreign bodies such as venous catheters or pacemaker electrodes. The importance of preserving the entry of bacteria in the blood is capital for all these patients when they are undergoing dental procedures, since during the extractions, oral cleansing or similar processes increases the frequency with which the passage of microorganisms of the mouth into the bloodstream occurs. In fact, according to Drs. Eduardo Paya and Maria Teresa Garcia, in persons with increased risk, administration of antibiotics is indicated to prevent infection before undergoing dental procedures.